Apr 30, 2009

Utilize Grep Sed and Awk

In this post I will list commands that I use and include at least one of grep,sed or awk.
  • cat filename | grep "phrase"
    Search line containing phrase in file
  • cat filename | grep -v "phrase"
    Search line not containing phrase in file
  • cat filename | grep "phrase1\|phrase2"
    Search lines containing phrase1 or phrase2 in file.
  • sed -i "s/phrase1/phrase2/g" ./filename
    Replace phrase1 with phrase2 in file.
  • sed -i "s/[ ]*\(.*\)[ ]*/\1/g" ./filename
    Trim spaces of each line of the file.
  • awk '{if($7=="2") $7="5"; print;}' file
    Conditional modification. Field no.7 is is replaced by "5" if it is "2". The default field seperator is .
  • uptime | awk 'BEGIN {FS=" "} { gsub(",",""); if (index($0,"day")) {gsub(":"," hours, ",$5);print $3" "$4", "$5" minutes"} else {gsub(":"," hours, ",$3); print $3" minutes"}}'
    Get the Uptime in a proper and clear format.
  • ls | grep -v 'file or folder or regex' | xargs -I{} mv {} /target/folder/
    Move all but one to /target/folder. You can also use it to move all the files/directories in current directory to another directory in the same path.Be Aware: The Target directory should exist. Just to be at the safe side, I suggest not to miss the slash (/) at the end. This will give you warning/error if you messed up something.

For now I have just listed few that came in my mind; just thought to prepare a seed.
I'll promise to grow this list as soon as they come to my mind.

Note: If you have some commands in your mind, that you regularly use, plz post it as comment.

1 comment:

Jadu Saikia said...

Nice one; awk, sed, and grep are really helpful while working with the unix cli.

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